isibhengezo_sekhasi

izindaba

Izimiso zokukhetha izinto zokupakisha ngokwezifiso nezinto zokupakisha ezivamile

Izinto zokupakisha zibhekisela ezintweni ezisetshenziselwa ukwenza iziqukathi ezihlukahlukene zokupakisha futhi zihlangabezane nezidingo zokupakishwa komkhiqizo, okuyisisekelo esibonakalayo sokupakishwa kwempahla.Kungenye yezimo ezibalulekile zokuklama ukupakisha ukuqonda nokwazi kahle izinhlobo, izakhiwo kanye nokusetshenziswa kwezinto zokupakisha kanye nokukhetha izinto zokupakisha ngokunengqondo.

Izimiso zokukhetha zezinto zokupakisha

Ukukhethwa kwezinto zokwakha kubaluleke kakhulu ekwakhiweni kokupakisha.Uma impahla ingalungile, izoletha ukulahlekelwa okungadingekile ebhizinisini.Ukukhethwa kwezinto zokupakisha kufanele kunqunywe ngokuvumelana nezici zemikhiqizo ngokwayo, kanye nemigomo eyisisekelo yokuvikelwa kwesayensi, umnotho kanye nemvelo.

1.Ngokusekelwe ekudingeni umkhiqizo

Ukukhethwa kwezinto ezisetshenziswayo akunasizathu.Okokuqala, ukwaziswa kufanele kukhethwe ngokwezimpawu zempahla, njengohlobo lwempahla (okuqinile, okuwuketshezi, njll.), noma ngabe kugqwala futhi kuguquguquka, nokuthi idinga ukugcinwa kude nokukhanya. .Okwesibili, kufanele sicabangele izinga lezimpahla.Izinto zokupakisha zezimpahla zebanga eliphezulu noma amathuluzi anembayo kufanele zinake kakhulu ukubukeka kwazo kobuhle nokusebenza okuhle kakhulu;Izinto zokupakisha zezimpahla ezimaphakathi nebanga kufanele zinakekele ngokulinganayo ubuhle kanye nokusebenza;kuyilapho izinto zokupakisha zezinto ezisezingeni eliphansi kufanele zibeke kuqala ukusebenza.

2.Ukuvikelwa kwempahla

Izinto zokupakisha kufanele zivikele ngempumelelo impahla, ngakho-ke kufanele ibe namandla athile, ukuqina nokunwebeka, ukuze ivumelane nomthelela wengcindezi, umthelela, ukudlidliza nezinye izici zangaphandle.

3.Inomnotho kanye nemvelo

Izinto zokupakisha kufanele zikhethwe kude ngangokunokwenzeka emithonjeni ehlukahlukene, elula, engabizi kakhulu, egaywa kabusha, eyonakele, ecubungula izinto ezingangcolisi, ukuze zingabangeli izingozi zomphakathi.

Izinto zokupakisha ezivamile kanye nezici zabo zokusebenza

Kunezinhlobonhlobo zezinto zokupakisha.Okuvame ukusetshenziswa kakhulu njengamanje yiphepha, ipulasitiki, insimbi, ingilazi, izitsha zobumba, izinto zemvelo, izinto zemikhiqizo yefiber, izinto eziyinhlanganisela nezinto ezintsha zokuvikela imvelo ezonakele.

1.Izinto zokupakisha zamaphepha

Kuyo yonke inqubo yokuthuthukiswa komklamo wokupakisha, izinto zokupakisha zamaphepha, njengento yokupakisha evamile, isetshenziswe kabanzi ekukhiqizeni nasekuphileni ukuphila, kusukela emikhiqizweni yezimboni, ukupakishwa kukagesi, izikhwama, amabhokisi esipho, kusukela ephepheni lokupakisha elijwayelekile kuya ephepheni lokupakisha eliyinhlanganisela. , konke kubonisa ubuhle bezinto zokupakisha zephepha.

Ukucutshungulwa kwempahla yephepha kulula, kuyizindleko eziphansi, kulungele ukukhiqizwa kwemishini eminingi nokuphrinta kahle, futhi kunezinzuzo zokugaywa kabusha, ukuvikela umnotho kanye nemvelo.

2.izinto zokupakisha zeplastiki

Ipulasitiki iwuhlobo lwezinto ezenziwe nge-polymer zokwenziwa.Kulula ukukhiqizwa, futhi inezici ezinhle zokumelana namanzi, ukumelana nomswakama, ukumelana nowoyela kanye nokufakwa kwamanzi.Ngenala yezinto zokusetshenziswa, izindleko eziphansi nokusebenza okuhle kakhulu, isibe yimpahla yokupakisha ekhula ngokushesha kakhulu emhlabeni eminyakeni engama-40 edlule futhi ingenye yezinto ezibaluleke kakhulu zokupakisha emaphaketheni okuthengisa esimanje.

3.Metal Packaging Materials

Njengenye yezinto zendabuko zokupakisha, insimbi isetshenziswa kakhulu ekufakweni komkhiqizo wezimboni, ukupakisha izinto zokuhamba kanye nokufakwa kokuthengisa, futhi idlala indima ebalulekile ekupakisheni izinto.

I-4.Ingilazi, izinto zokupakisha ze-ceramic

1) ingilazi

Izinto eziyisisekelo zengilazi isihlabathi se-quartz, i-caustic soda ne-limestone.Inezici zokungafihli okuphakeme, ukungamanzi nokugqwala, okungewona ubuthi nokunganambitheki, ukusebenza kwamakhemikhali okuzinzile kanye nezindleko eziphansi zokukhiqiza futhi ingenziwa ibe iziqukathi ezisobala nezishintshayo zomumo nemibala ehlukahlukene.

Ingilazi isetshenziswa kakhulu ekufakweni kwamafutha, iwayini, ukudla, isiphuzo, ujamu, izimonyo, izinongo kanye nemikhiqizo yezemithi.

2) i-ceramic

I-Ceramics inokuqina okuhle kwamakhemikhali nokuzinza kokushisa, futhi ingamelana nokushisa okuphezulu kanye nokugqwala kwezidakamizwa ezihlukahlukene zamakhemikhali.Izinguquko ezisheshayo ekushiseni nokubanda azinawo umthelela kuma-ceramics, akukho deformation kanye nokuwohloka iminyaka.Kuyimpahla ekahle yokupakisha yokudla namakhemikhali.Ukupakishwa okuningi kwe-ceramic ngokwako kuwumsebenzi wezandla omuhle, futhi kunenani eliyingqayizivele lesicelo emkhakheni wokupakishwa kwendabuko.

5.Impahla yokupakisha yemvelo

Izinto zokupakisha zemvelo zibhekisela esikhumbeni sesilwane, izinwele noma amaqabunga esitshalo, iziqu, izinduku, imicu, njll., ezingasetshenziswa njengezinto zokupakisha ngokuqondile noma zivele zenziwe amapuleti noma amashidi.

I-6.Impahla yokupakisha yendwangu ye-Fiber

Izindwangu zefiber zithambile, kulula ukuphrinta nokudaya, futhi zingasetshenziswa kabusha futhi zigaywe kabusha.Kodwa izindleko zayo ziphakeme, ukuqina kuphansi, ngokuvamile kusebenza ekufakweni kwangaphakathi komkhiqizo, njengokugcwalisa, ukuhlobisa, ukushaqeka kanye neminye imisebenzi.Izinto zokupakisha zendwangu ye-fiber emakethe zingahlukaniswa ikakhulukazi zibe i-fiber yemvelo, i-fiber eyenziwe ngumuntu kanye ne-synthetic fiber.

7.Izinto Zokupakisha Ezihlanganisiwe

Impahla eyinhlanganisela yenziwa ngezinhlobo ezimbili noma ngaphezulu zezinto ngokusebenzisa indlela ethile kanye nezindlela zobuchwepheshe ukuze ibe nezici zezinhlobonhlobo zezinto zokwenza ukushiyeka kwempahla eyodwa, yakhe impahla yokupakisha ephelele kakhulu enekhwalithi ephelele.Uma kuqhathaniswa nezinto ezisetshenziswayo zendabuko, izinto eziyinhlanganisela zinezinzuzo zokonga izinsiza, ukugaywa kabusha kalula, ukunciphisa izindleko zokukhiqiza kanye nokunciphisa isisindo sokupakisha, ngakho kuya ngokuya kubaluleka futhi kuyakhuthazwa.

8.Izinto ezintsha zokupakisha ezonakaliswa endaweni ezungezile

Izinto ezintsha ezivumelana nemvelo ziyizinto eziyinhlanganisela ezenzelwe ukudambisa ukungcola okumhlophe, ngokuvamile okwenziwa ngokuxuba izihlahla noma ezinye izitshalo.Iyakwazi ukubola futhi akulula ukubangela ukungcola, futhi iyisiqondiso esiyinhloko sokuthuthukiswa kwezinto zokupakisha esikhathini esizayo.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Mar-05-2021